As shown on the authentic, Lucas Daniel Smith, Obama Kenyan Birth Certificate, Barack Hussein Obama II was born on August 4, 1961 at the COAST PROVINCE GENERAL HOSPITAL, MOMBASA, BRITISH PROTECTORATE OF KENYA.
Link to a high resolution copy of Obama’s Certified Kenyan Birth Certificate:
Wikipedia Excerpt : THE COLONY AND PROTECTORATE OF KENYA – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Kenya
The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya was part of the British Empire in Africa from 1920 until 1963. It was established when the former East Africa Protectorate was transformed into a British crown colony in 1920. Technically, the “Colony of Kenya” referred to the interior lands, while a ten-mile coastal strip (nominally on lease from the Sultan of Zanzibar) was the “Protectorate of Kenya” but the two were controlled as a single administrative unit. The colony came to an end in 1963 when a black majority government was elected for the first time and eventually declared independence as Kenya.
The Colony of Kenya was established on 11 June 1920 when the territories of the former East Africa Protectorate (except those parts of that Protectorate over which His Majesty the Sultan of Zanzibar had sovereignty) were annexed by Britain. The Kenya Protectorate was established on 13 August 1920 when the territories of the former East Africa Protectorate which were not annexed by Britain were established as a British Protectorate. The Protectorate of Kenya was governed as part of the Colony of Kenya by virtue of an agreement between the United Kingdom and the Sultan dated 14 December 1895.
In summary, the “Colony of Kenya” referred to the interior lands. The “Protectorate of Kenya” was a ten-mile coastal strip together with certain islands which remained under the sovereignty of the Sultan of Zanzibar until the independence of Kenya.
The Colony and the Protectorate each came to an end on 12 December 1963. The United Kingdom ceded sovereignty over the Colony of Kenya and, under an agreement dated 8 October 1963, the Sultan agreed that simultaneous with independence for Kenya, the Sultan would cease to have sovereignty over the Protectorate of Kenya. In this way, Kenya became an independent country under the Kenya Independence Act 1963 which established the “Dominion of Kenya”, with Queen Elizabeth II as head of state. Mzee Jomo Kenyatta was the first prime minister. Exactly 12 months later on 12 December 1964, Kenya became a republic under the name “Republic of Kenya”.
Excerpt from references to the above Wikipedia article. Cited by ‘bsteadman’ on 6/5/2016:
1. Kenya Protectorate Order in Council, 1920 and dated 13 August 1920
2. Kenya (Annexation) Order in Council, 1920 and dated 11 June 1920
3. Kenya Protectorate Order in Council, 1920 and dated 13 August 1920
4. Kenya Protectorate Order in Council, 1920, S.R.O. 1920 No. 2343 & S.I. Rev. VIII, 258, State Pp., Vol. 87, p.968.
5.”Commonwealth and Colonial Law” by Kenneth Roberts-Wray, London, Stevens, 1966. P. 762
6. Annexation Order,Kenya Gazette, 7 Sep 1921 – https://books.google.vg/books…Kenya+Annexation+Order…
7. Brennan, James R. “Lowering the Sultan’s Flag: Sovereignty and Decolonization in Coastal Kenya.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 50, no. 4 (2008): 831–61.
8. “Commonwealth and Colonial Law” by Kenneth Roberts-Wray, London, Stevens, 1966. P. 762
9. History of Kenya government webpage. Retrieved 2015-07-24 – http://www.brandkenya.go.ke/history-of-kenya
10. “Commonwealth and Colonial Law” by Kenneth Roberts-Wray, London, Stevens, 1966. P. 762
Definition of a PROTECTORATE? (from Cambridge Distionaries Online) – http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/protectorate
“a country that is generally controlled and defended by a more powerful country”
Protectorates and Protected States:
Protectorates and Protected States
1. Meaning of the expression
1.1 Protectorates and Protected States, like mandated/trust territories (see “MANDATED AND TRUST TERRITORIES”), were foreign territories to which British protection was extended in one form or another. However, while mandated/trust territories were established under the auspices of the League of Nations/United Nations, protectorates and Protected States were proclaimed at the will of the Crown.
1.3 Protectorates were protected territories in which
• there was no properly organised internal government; and
• Britain not only controlled external matters, such as the protectorate’s defence and foreign relations, but also
• established an internal administration
1.4 In this sense, the extent of the Crown’s involvement in a protectorate was similar to the extent of its involvement in a colony. The distinction was that the territories concerned were not brought formally within the Crown’s dominions.
Mombasa, British Protectorate of Kenya, Map Appearing in the 1926 Encyclopedia Britannica (note that the coastline is clearly labeled “Kenya Protectorate”: